With itÔÇÖs around three thousand years of history, Cadiz can rightfully claim to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities of Europe, where Fenicians, Carthagenes, and of course Romans have had their settlements. It is an open port to the Atlantic and it has it's own beaches on the popular Costa de la Luz (the coast of light).
Built on what once was an island, Cadiz today has two main parts: the central or historic quarter with narrow streets and plazas, completely surrounded by fortified walls which constantly bring to mind the cityÔÇÖs maritime history.
The newer part of the city, outside the walls, linked to the old city by the famous Puertas de Tierra, has neighbourhoods of high buildings clustered around the Central Avenue, which seems to be constantly in a state of rebuilding, mainly because there is no more land to expand outwards. Since the Atlantic dominates the surroundings of Cadiz, for the lack of any countryside or mountains around it, the city has an essentially urban and maritime feel about it.